From the 1400 on, but in the 1600s particularly, we see the use of words we rely upon today to analyze the world.
*agro- "field" (cf. L. ager "field, land," Gk. agros, Skt. ajras "plain, open country").
A yoke of oxen depicted plowing fields,
The size of a field's area is measured in acres or fractions of an acre. Cattle graze in pastures and slaves work planting sugarcane in a field.
The table of atomic elements theorized and confirmed in part by Dimitri Mendeleev.
In late classical and medieval use also a unit of time, 22,560 to the hour.
Atom bomb is from 1945 as both a noun and a verb; cf. atomic.
Atomize–"reduce to atoms," 1845; "reduce a liquid to a very fine mist," 1865, verb formed from atom + -ize.
Related: Atomized; atomizing. Originally in reference to medical treatment for injured or diseased lungs;
The sense of "to destroy with atomic weapons" is from 1945. The watch above records the precise moment the atomic bomb over Hiroshima detonated killing thousands instantly that August morning.
Electric meaning a property exhibited by amber. Dates from 1640s, first used in English by physician Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682), apparently coined as Mod.L. electricus (lit. "resembling amber") by English physicist William Gilbert (1540-1603) in treatise "De Magnete" (1600).
The term is from the Latin word electrum for "amber," from Greek. elektron "amber" (Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus), also "pale gold" (a compound of 1 part silver to 4 of gold); of unknown origin.
Originally the word described substances which, like amber, attract other substances when rubbed. Meaning "charged with electricity" is from 1670s; the physical force so called because it first was generated by rubbing amber.
These electromagnetic waves propagate from atoms in such a way that electric waves are perpendicular to waves creating a magnetic field.
Figurative sense is attested by 1793. Electric toothbrush first recorded 1936; electric typewriter 1958.
The word ludi refers to games, of the game or games. See ludicrous.
The Alchemist or Alchemist's Room, oil on canvas, private collection
Pieter Breughel the Elder, 1559-60.
Magnesium – perhaps the single most important trace element for plants and people.
The word is from the late 14c., in alchemy, "main ingredient of the philosopher's stone," from M.L. magnesia, from Greek. (he) Magnesia (lithos) "the lodestone," lit. "(the) Magnesian (stone)," from Magnesia, region in Thessaly, which is said to be named for the native people name Magnetes, which is of unknown origin.
The ancient word, in this sense, has evolved into magnet. But in ancient times the same word, magnes, was used of lodestone as well as of a mineral commonly used in bleaching glass (modern pyrolusite, or manganese dioxide).
In Middle Ages there was some attempt to distinguish lodestone as magnes (masc.) and pyrolusite as magnesia (fem.). Meanwhile, in 18c., a white powder (magnesium carbonate) used as a cosmetic and toothpaste was sold in Rome as magnesia alba ("white magnesia").
Magnesia in its main modern sense of "magnesium oxide" (1755) is perhaps an independent formation from L. magnes carneus "flesh-magnet" (c.1550), so called because it adheres strongly to the lips.
tome, the section of a book, c. 1610; to cut a piece off of something, from the Greek.