E 2 = m c
E = m X
2
c

squared

Energy = mass the speed of light
motion equals density of matter times 186,000 miles/, or 300,000 meters / second

squared means to take a number and multiply it by itself such that two squared is four, four squared is sixteen, and sixteen squared is two hundred and fifty six.

row number quantity squared
1st
2
4
2d
4
16
3rd
16
256
4th
300k
90,000,000,000

From the above we surmise that the speed of light squared is ninety billion (ninety thousand million) meters per second or 34,596,000,000 miles every second.

In one hour light travels 4 billion seventeen million, six hundred thousand miles

Thus light travels so swiftly, that:

• the measure of distances in the universe is in light years, or the distance swift moving light travels in 365.24 days!
• light, because of Einstein's equation above becomes an upper limitation on the velocity of objects or a universal speed limit.
• the electron moves about the atomic nuclei at such a speed.
• small objects travelling at such a speed would experience time as static, unchanging.
• The distance between galaxies is so many light years that communication --let alone travel-- would be nonexistent in terms of human life times.

The story of this amazing insight based on the equation Einstein made reknowned is discussed below.

London 1812,

heard Sir Humphrey Davy on electricity

electricity is used to isolate sodium from salt and potassium from potash.

accidental discovery in that Davy had a lab accident

he hired Farraday to be a lab assistant and avoid accidents.

Öersted: 1821, wire and compass, electromagnetic forces

Farraday turned magnet and electricity into motion

"invisible lines of force" emanating from an electrical wire (current)

"the great revolution"

Einstein felt that there was "something behind objects that lay deeply hidden" within matter.

 • becomes lighter, or less massive, Any rusting metal • is it the same or equally massive, • becomes more massive or heavier.

No mass had been lost, merely transformed, as the iron oxide becomes more massive

or the conservation of mass is constant.

Matter recombines, nothing disappears

energy and mass

but what is light?

could we ride on a wave of light

670,000,000 miles in one hour

at that speed

light is an electromagnetic wave

that may act like a discreet (separate) particle.

This is called the wave-particle duality.

Light is unlike any other form of wave, it can never be static even if you are traveling as fast as light.

Emilie du Chatelai, published a translation of the Principia.

befriended Voltaire

she detected a flaw in Newton's idea of Mass times Velocity

But Leibniz argued that it is actually M*V squared.

 2 m x v

Special relativity

Light is the one constant.

It is a speed limit a bounday and a barrier.

Otto Hahn & Lise Meitner

atoms as miniature generators

nuclei are unstable and emit energy, that is mass turning into radiant energy.

238 neutrons & protons = Uranium

• U238
• U233 unstable
• U235
• U239

1938

Hahn and Strassman, found barium among the uranium bombardment products.

Otto Frisch & Lise Meitner interpreted these strange results as fission, or split the nuclei apart or 200 mev or (million electron volts) about 1/5th a proton mass is converted into energy.