Diverse ways of interpreting American landscapes
Mumford on the national importance of landscape
DuBois and the Black Belt, an alternative vision
threats to the public domain
land policy failures
Two further means of seeing:
• Painting Frederick Church & Thomas Cole's school.
• Meaning in landscape art.
• photographs Alfred Steiglitz, and painting Georgia Okeeffe.
Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was effective over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.
Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist born near Sun Prairie, Wisconsin and died in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
public trust, public domain & the idea of a commons as a preservationist tradition in America
• Commerce & the
Siry: Marshes pp. 62-82. Plume
• The Public Trust doctrine, the arguments for a national treasure; watersheds & water levels
writing to recover
community- A class activity.
country, a taste for
Landscape painting as a means of knowing the past
• CFAM Protecting the past on Canvass and the Ground–
Siry: Marsh, Shaler, and
Shelford, Marshes pp. 83-111.
The tradition and counter traditions
• The Organic revolt against laissez-faire: John Wesley Powell,
French ideas of laissez faire, to allow to make or do without interference.
Powell's irrigation survey and vision. 1874-1888
Ellet, Marsh, and Powell; all see the delusions in ideas.
More details of the conflict
Reisner pp. 1-51.