theoretical physicist at California Institute of Technology
author of The Quark and the Jaguar
seem to be an enormous gap between fundamental physics and
of terrestrial life and human culture."
they deal with history and with the kind of evolution undergone by biological
species or human languages or cultures."
quantum mechanical laws of physics really do give rise to individuality."
complex adaptive systems, which undergo
processes like learning and biological evolution, from evolving systems
(such as galaxies and stars) that are non adaptive."
| "the quark
|that govern the
||all the matter
|and world around
"In order to discuss more fully the concept of effective complexity,,
it is essential to examine in detail the nature of complex
Here on Earth -- the
emergence of complex adaptive systems -- was associated with the origin
of terrestrial life and with the process of biological evolution
Noam Chomsky and
his followers conclude that the child must come already equipped at
birth with a great deal of information applicable to the grammar of
any natural human language.
"a biologically evolved innate proclivity to speak languages with
certain general grammatical features, shared by all natural human languages."
language is shaped by and reshapes the environment in which it is used.
"the child who does this (putting a grammar together from hearing
language spoken) has exhibited the first characteristic of a complex
a complex adaptive system separates regularities from randomness,
it affords the possibility of defining complexity in terms of the length
of the schema used by a complex adaptive system to describe and predict
the properties of an incoming data stream."
"it has been
genetically programmed as a result of biological evolution. All organisms
have such programs."
evolution itself can also be described as a complex adaptive system,
even in the humblest organisms."
"In a sense,
the larger eddies gave birth to smaller."
Three universal forces
Theoretical physicist, Murray Gell-Mann: Born 1929
American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles (now explained in the Quark model). Known to have kept the string theory alive through the 70's. Received the Albert Einstein Award in 2005, along with the humanist of the year award.
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