Lesson 10: 我在这儿买光盘

  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.Prepositional Phrase

  3. a.” + Place World + Verb.  When combined with words expressing location (a noun or phrase), “在” forms a prepositional phrase.  It is placed before the predicative verb to indicate the location of an action.   Examples:

  4. 哪儿工作?(Where do you work?)

  5. 这儿买光盘(I’m buying CDs here)

  6. 不在语言学院学习(He does not study at the Language Institute)

  7. b.” + Person + Verb.  The proposition “跟” is often combined with a noun or pronoun after it to form a prepositional phrase.  It is placed before the predicative verb.  Examples:

  8. 我来 (You come with me)

  9. 力波常常去那个商场 (Li Bo and I often go to that market)

  10. 2.Sentences with double objects

  11. a./ + Person + Thing.  Both “给” and “送” can be translated as “to give.”  They can take two objects, first being people, the second thing.  Examples:

  12. 我十块钱 (You give me 10 yuan)

  13. 你一张光盘 (I give you a CD).  Note: here "送" is to give someone something as a gift.

  14. 3.The adverb “” in sentences with an adjectival predicate

  15. a.Subject + + Adjective.  In this kind of structure, an adjective follows the subject directly and does not need the verb “是.”  The same applies to “” (really). Examples:

  16. 我很好 (I’m very well)

  17. 这个商场很大(This market is very big)

  18. 他的小狗真可爱 (His little dog is indeed lovely)

  19. II.Usage

  20. 1.Usage of “是不是” or “是吗

  21. a.“是不是” or “是吗” is a sentence pattern used to express opinion or speculation, with the expectation of response from the listener. Examples:

  22. A: 你喜欢她,是不是? (You like her, right?)  B: 是啊(Yes, I do)

  23. 你学习中文,是吗? (You’re studying Chinese, right?)  B: 是啊(Yes, I’m)