Lesson 11: 我会说一点儿汉语

  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.Telling Time

  3. a.() (dian, zhong),刻 (ke),分 (fen).  “点()” is used to refer to “o’clock.” Example: 现在八点(钟) (Now is 8 o’clock).  Here 钟 (clock) can be omitted.  “刻” is a quarter of an hour.  Example: 一刻 (a quarter).  More examples:

  4. 2:45 = 两点四十五(分), or 两点三刻, or 差 (cha) 一刻三点

  5. 2:30 = 两点三十分, or 两点

  6. b.Word order in statements with expressions of time: year, month, day, morning/afternoon/evening, timeExample:

  7. 二零零二年十二月十二日星期一晚上八点二十分  (8:20 P.M.,  Monday, December 12, 2002)

  8. 2.Sentences with optative verbs: (huì), 能 (néng), 可以 (kěyi), 应该 (yīnggāi)

  9. a. and .  Both can be expressed in terms of ability and possibility, but 会 may be translated as “can” while 能 is more like “able to”.  Examples:

  10. 你会说汉语吗?  Can you speak Chinese?

  11. 你明天上午能到学校来吗? Will you be able to come to school tomorrow morning?

  12. b.可以 and 应该.  可以 can be translated as “may” while 应该 as “should/ought”.  Examples:

  13. 我可以进来吗? May I come in?

  14. 你不应该去那儿.  You shouldn’t go there.

  15. III.Usage

  16. 1.一点儿" is an indefinite measure word expressing the idea of a small amount.   Examples:

  17. 我会说一点儿汉语.  I can speak a little Chinese.

  18. 我们喝一点儿啤酒,好吗?  We drink a little beer, all right?

  19. 2.哪里” is sometimes used to express modesty when responding to praise.  Example:

  20. A: 你的汉语很好 (Your Chinese is very good).  B: 哪里, 我的汉语不太好 (No, my Chinese is not very good)

  21. 3."." One of the usages of “还” is to express the continuation of a state or action.  Examples:

  22. 他还没有起床 (qǐchuáng).  He has not yet risen from bed (He is still in bed).

  23. 她现在还不能看中文报.  She has yet to be able to read Chinese newspapers.