Lesson 14: 祝你圣诞快乐

  1. I.Grammar (summary)

  2. 1.Four types of simple sentences

  3. a.Sentences with a verbal predicate.  Examples:

  4. 马大为的爸爸医生 (Ma Dawei's father is a doctor)

  5. 林娜学习汉语 (Lin Na studies Chinese)

  6. b.Sentences with an adjectival predicate (Note: do not use "是“).  Examples:

  7. 我很 (I'm very busy)

  8. 今天天气很(Today's weather is very cold)

  9. c.Sentences with a nominal predicate.  A nominal predicate can be a noun, noun phrase, numeral-measure word.  Examples:

  10. 我今年二十岁 (I [this year] 20 years old, or I'm 20 years old)

  11. 今天星期一 (Today [is] Monday)

  12. d.Sentences with a subject-predicate phrase as predicate.  The subject-predicate phrase describes or explains the subject of the whole sentence.  Examples:

  13. 你身体怎么样?(How is your body [health]?)

  14. 我头疼。(My head is aching)

  15. 他学习很好。(His study is very well)

  16. 2.Six question types

  17. a.Questions with "“:

  18. 你现在忙

  19. 您是张教授

  20. b.V/A-not-V/A question:

  21. 是不是张教授?

  22. 你现在忙不忙

  23. c.Questions with an interrogative pronoun ("谁", "什么", "哪", "哪儿", "怎么", "怎么样", "多少" and "几"):

  24. 您是

  25. 书店在哪儿(Where is the bookstore?)

  26. d.Alternative questions with "还是":

  27. 您是张教授还是王教授?(Are you Prof. Zhang or Prof. Wang?)

  28. 马大为是美国人还是加拿大人?(Is Ma Da Wei an American or Canadian?)

  29. e.Tag questions with "好吗?", "是不是?", "是吗?" or "可以吗?":

  30. 您是张教授,是吗

  31. 我们去游泳,好吗

  32. 你学习汉语,是不是

  33. f.Elliptical questions with the question particle "":

  34. 我很好,你

  35. 我想去看电影,你