NEW PRACTICAL CHINESE READER

 

Lesson 19: 中国画跟油画不一样

  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.The "...(不)一样" ("和...(不)一样") comparative structure

  3. a.The comparative structure "... (不)一样" indicates that two things are the same (or different with "").  In many cases, the "...(不)一样"structure serves the same function.  Examples:

  4. 中国画油画不一样 (Chinese painting is different from oil painting). [A+跟+B+(不)一样]

  5. 中国画油画一样不一样? (Is Chinese painting different from oil painting)? (V/A-Not-V/A Question)

  6. 一样高 (He and I are about same height).

  7. 林娜跟马大为一样喜欢中国画 (Lin Na likes Chinese painting just as much as Ma Dawei does). [A+跟+B+(不)一样+Verb+O]

  8. 2.The time-measure complement

  9. a.In a sentence with a time-measure complement, if the particle "" is placed after the verb AND at the end of the sentence (thus twice), it means that the action is still continuing:

  10. 我已经等2个小时 (I have been waiting for two hours).  Compare: 我已经等2个小时 (I have waited for two hours)

  11. 我已经画10年 (I have been practicing drawing/painting for 10 years).  Compare: 我已经画10年(I have practiced drawing/painting for 10 years)

  12. b.If the verb in such a structure takes an object, the time-measure complement can be placed between the verb and the object and the "" should be placed right after the main verb:

  13. 她学三年汉语 (She has studied Chinese for three years). [S+V+Time-measure complement+O]

  14. 我听半小时(的)音乐 (I have listened to music for half an hour)

  15. 你打多长时间(的)球?(How long did you play the ball? or, How long have you played the ball?)

  16. 3.Sentences with serial verb phrases: means or manner

  17. a.Sentences with serial verb phrases usually consist of two (or more) verbs.  The first verb usually expresses the means or manner that the action of the second verb performance.  Examples:

  18. 他每天公共汽车(Everyday he takes the bus [to get] home)

  19. 墨和水中国画 (He uses ink and water to paint Chinese painting)

  20. 林娜汉语介绍西安 (Lin Na uses Chinese to introduces [the city of] Xi'an)

  21. 4.The"还没有 ..." phrases

  22. a.The structure "还没(有)+V+呢" indicates that an event or action has not occurred yet but will happen:

  23. 还没有回家 (He has not come back home yet).  Compare: 他没有回家 (He did  not come back home)

  24. 丁力波还没做作业 (Ding Libo has not worked on his homework yet - it means he has not started working on his homework)

  25. 5.""as indication of completion of an action

  26. a.When used as a resultative complement, the word "" can convey the meaning of completion:

  27. 丁力波作业了 (Ding Libo has completed his homework)

  28. 林娜表了 (Lin Nan has filled out the form)

  29. 他把给妈妈的信写好了 (He has finished the letter to his mother)


(一)

丁力波:咱们来早了,美术馆还没有开门(the door has not been opened yet)

林娜:来早了来晚了。今天我一定要参观一个上午 (an entire morning)

丁力波:你真喜欢中国画!

林娜:是啊,我非常喜欢徐悲鸿画的马。

丁力波:我一样,也很喜欢中国画。我十岁开始,妈妈就教我画中国画。你说说,我中国画画了多少年

林娜:啊,已经画了十一年!我真不知道您还是一位“老画家“。

丁力波:不敢当。我爸爸妈妈一样喜欢中国画,可是他自己不会画。我爸爸也有很多爱好,他喜欢唱中国京剧。现在他在家(still)常常唱京剧

林娜:我想买一幅中国画。大画家画的一定很贵,是不是?

丁力波:徐悲鸿画的马当然贵极了。我认识一位“老画家“,他画的马不贵。

林娜:这位老画家是谁?

丁力波:是丁力波啊!我可以把我画(complete, finished)的马送给你


(二)

丁力波:咱们已经看了一个半小时的画儿,二楼的还没有。现在是不是坐电梯上楼去?

林娜:好吧。力波,你觉得中国画跟油画一样不一样?

丁力波:当然一样,都是画儿啊。

林娜:别开玩笑

丁力波:我没有开玩笑,我是说中国画油画一样美

林娜:你说说哪儿不一样?

丁力波:你找对人了,我来告诉你吧(let me tell you ...)。中国画和油画用的材料不一样。

林娜:怎么不一样?

丁力波:中国画用纸,油画常常用布; 中国画主要用墨和水画,油画一定要用油彩画。

林娜:对,还有别的吗(what else)

丁力波:油画没有空白,中国画常常有空白。你看这幅徐悲鸿的画儿:画家只画了一匹马,没有画别的。

林娜:可是我们觉得还有别的东西。让我们来想象一下:那匹马咱们这儿跑来了,我觉得它跑得非常快,好像还有风。

丁力波:对了。这就齐白石画的虾一样,它们游来游去,真可爱!你看,画家画水了吗?

林娜:没画,可是我觉得有水。

丁力波:中国画是不是油画很不一样

林娜:谢谢你的介绍。可是我(still)想看看“老画家“画的马怎么样。