NEW PRACTICAL CHINESE READER

 
  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.The aspect particle ""

  3. a.The aspect particle "过", which occurs immediately after a verb, denotes that an action took place in the past and often used to emphasize experience.  Examples: 

  4. 大为北京 (Ma Dawei has been in Beijing)

  5. 马大为没有去杭州 (Ma Dawei has not been in Hangzhou). [negative]

  6. 马大为去过杭州没有? (Has Ma Dawei been in Hangzhou?). [V/A-not-V/A question] Same as 马大为有没有去过杭州?

  7. b.In a sentence with serial verb phrases, "过" is normally placed after the second verb.  Example:

  8. 马大为北京参观过长城 (Ma Dawei has been in Beijing and visited the Great Wall).  One cannot say: "马大为去过北京参观长城"

  9. 2.The action-measure words "次" and "遍"

  10. a.The action-measure word "" or "" is often combined with a numeral as the action-measure complement to express the frequency of an action.  If the object of the verb is a noun, "次" or "遍"should be placed before the object. Examples:

  11. 马大为参观过两次长城(Ma Dawei has visited the Great Wall twice)

  12. 老师叫我们写十遍生词 (The teacher asked us to write ten times of the new words)

  13. b.However, if the object is expressed by a pronoun, the complement often comes after the object.  Examples:

  14. 马大为以前来过这儿三次 (Ma Dawei has been here three times)

  15. 昨天马大为找过两次(Yesterday Ma Dawei had looked for him twice).  One cannot say, "昨天马大为找过两次他"

  16. 3.The construction"虽然...但是/可是"

  17. a."虽然...但是/可是" ("although," "despite") is used to link two contradictory statements. Examples:

  18. 马大为虽然喜欢中国画, 但是他不会画中国画. (Although Ma Dawei likes Chinese painting, [but] he cannot paint Chinese paining)

  19. 虽然马大为没有去过杭州, 可是他听说杭州很漂亮 (Although Ma Dawei has not been in Hangzhou, he heard that Hangzhou is beautiful)

  20. 4.The pronoun "有的"

  21. a.When the pronoun "有的" functions as a modifier, it often refers to a part of the group of people or objects that it modifies. Examples:

  22. 有的人喜欢看电影, 有的人喜欢看小说 (Some people like watching movies, others like reading novels)

  23. b.Note, if the noun which "有的" modifies appears in the previous sentence, it can be omitted in the following sentences.  Examples:

  24. 最近马大为买了许多新书。有的[书]是中文的,有的是英文的。 (Ma Dawei has recently bought a lot of  new books.  Some are Chinese and some are English)


(一)

AD宋华:林娜,你看过越剧没有

林娜:没有。来中国以后,我听过两次音乐会,看过一次京剧。我虽然去过南方,但是没有看过越剧。昨天的报上说,南方的一个越剧团到北京来了。

宋华:是啊,越剧是中国有名的地方戏。这个剧团从上海来,现在在长安大戏院上演《红楼梦》。

B林娜:上演《红楼梦》吗?太好了!我知道《红楼梦》是中国有名的古典小说,我看过一遍,是用英文翻译

宋华:你觉得这部小说怎么样?

林娜:我觉得小说的里的爱情故事非常感人

S宋华:你想不想再看一次越剧的《红楼梦》?我有两张票。

林娜:当然想看。是什么时候的票?

宋华:明天晚上七点一刻的。座位很好,楼下五排八号和十号。

AL林娜:我没有去过长安大戏院。这个戏院在哪儿?

宋华:我去过啊,长安大戏院建国门不远就在建国门的西边。咱们一起打的去。

林娜:好,明天见。


(二)

J宋华:你觉得越剧《红楼梦》怎么样?

林娜:我从来没有看过这么感人的戏。两个主角演得好极了。我觉得越剧的音乐特别优美,越剧的风格跟京剧很不一样。

宋华:你说得很对。你可能还不知道,很早以前京剧里没有女演员,都是男演员演女主角。越剧京剧不同,以前没有男演员,让女演员演男角色。所以越剧的风格跟京剧很不一样。

V林娜:听说中国地方戏的种类很多,每个地方都有吧?

宋华:是啊,每种地方戏都有自己的风格,每个地方的人习惯看自己的地方戏,但是京剧是全中国的,喜欢京剧的人特别多。

林娜:中国京剧团两年以前到英国访问过,我跟爸爸妈妈一起去看过一次。他们都觉得京剧很美。

D宋华:很多外国朋友都喜欢中国京剧,一些外国留学生到北京来学京剧。现在他们有的人会唱京剧,有的人还会演京剧。

林娜:我有一个朋友,也是英国留学生,他就会演京剧。

C宋华:我还从来没有听过外国留学生唱越剧。你这么喜欢越剧的音乐,应该学一学越剧。

林娜:我虽然喜欢越剧音乐,可是我觉得唱越剧太难了

宋华:你的嗓子很好。你可以先多听听,再学唱。

Lesson 22: 你看过越剧没有?