NEW PRACTICAL CHINESE READER

 
  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.An action that is going to take place (sentences with "...了")

  3. a.A sentence with "要...了" is often used to indicate that an action or situation is going to take place soon.  "" or "" can be used in front of "要" as an adverbial to indicate urgency.  Examples: 

  4. 马大为去北京(Ma Dawei is going to Beijing)

  5. 马大为快要去北京(Ma Dawei is going to Beijing soon)

  6. 马大为明天就要去北京(Ma Dawei is going to Beijing tomorrow)

  7. b.The question form of this type of structure is simply to add "" at the end.    Examples::

  8. A: 马大为去北京了吗? B: 是的. (Is Ma Dawei going to Beijing? Yes.)

  9. A:  马大为就要去北京了吗? B: 还没有呢. (Is Ma Dawei going to Beijing soon?  Not yet.)

  10. 2.The directional verbs (上, 下, 进, 出, 回, 过, 起) used in directional complements (, )

  11. a.When the directional verbs (, 下, 进, 出, 回, 过, 起) are used with directional complements (, 去),  it creates a compound direction of the action, which gives a more specific description of the action.  Here are some examples of complex directional complements (see page 197):

  12. 上来 (to come up), 下来 (to come down), 进来 (to come in), 出来 (to come out), 回来 (to come back), 过来 (to come over), 起来 (to get up)

  13. 上去 (to go up), 下去 (to go down), 进去 (to go in), 出去 (to go out), 回去 (to go back), 过去 (to go over)

  14. b.Note: when an object is a location/place (noun), the object must be placed before "来" or "去". Examples:

  15. 马大为 (Ma Dawei has come upstairs)

  16. 马大为(Ma Dawei has gone home)

  17. 3.Notional passive sentences

  18. a.In some Chinese sentences, you will find the so-called "notional passive sentence," which is used to emphasize the description of the object of the action.  Compare the following:

  19. 越剧票已经买好了 (The Shaoxing Opera tickets have already been purchased - but we don't know who bought them).  已经把越剧票买好了(I have already bought the Shaoxing Opera tickets)

  20. 越剧《红楼梦》看过没有? (Has the Shaoxing Opera "Dream of the Red Chamber" been seen?)。  你看过越剧《红楼梦》没有? (Have you watched the Shaoxing Opera "Dream of the Red Chamber"?)


一)

AP陈老师:要放假了,同学们有什么打算?

林娜:有的同学去旅行,有的同学回家。

陈老师:小云,你呢?

王小云:我打算先去泰山,再回家看我爸爸妈妈。林娜,你去过泰山没有?

林娜:泰山我去过一次了。这次我想去海南岛旅行。

SB王小云:你跟宋华一起去吧?

林娜:是啊,去海南岛旅行就是他提出来的。

王小云:你们坐飞机去还是坐火车去?

林娜:坐飞机去。机票已经买好了。力波呢?去不去泰山?

AF王小云:去。他说他要从山下爬上去,再从山顶走下来。他还说,先爬泰山,再去参观孔子教书的地方。

林娜:对了,大为想去哪儿?

JJ王小云:小燕子建议大为也去海南岛。她说现在那儿天气好,气温合适,能去游泳,还可以看优美的景色。现在北京是冬天,可是在海南岛还可以过夏天的生活,多有意思啊!

AM林娜:小燕子是导游小姐,旅行的事儿她知道得很多,应该听她的。大为可以跟我们一起去。

王小云:大为还建议放假以前咱们一起去长城。陈老师,您能不能跟我们一起去?

陈老师:行。我很愿意跟你们一起去爬一次长城。


(二)

CB王小云:陈老师、林娜,加油!快上来!

陈老师:力波、大为他们呢?

王小云:他们已经爬上去了。咱们也快要到山顶了。

陈老师:别着急。我觉得有点儿累,林娜也累了,咱们就坐下来休息一会吧。先喝点儿水再往上爬

VP林娜:这儿的景色多美啊!长城好像一条龙。看,下边都是山,火车从山里开出来了。我要多拍些照片寄回家去。

王小云:你来过这儿吗?

林娜:来过。是秋天来的。那时候长城的景色跟现在很不一样。

BS王小云:是啊。现在是冬天,今天还是阴天,要下雪了

林娜:在长城上看下雪,太美了。

陈老师:今天这儿的气温是零下十度。可是你们知道吗?广州今天是零上二十度。

林娜:中国真大。北方还是这么冷的冬天,可是春天已经到了南方。你们看,力波怎么走下来了

AF丁立波:喂,你们怎么还没上来?要帮忙吗?

王小云:不用。你不用跑过来,我们自己能上去。陈老师,您休息好了吗?

JJ陈老师:休息好了。小云,你帮我站起来……

林娜:啊!我们爬上长城来了!

Lesson 23: 我们爬上长城来了