NEW PRACTICAL CHINESE READER

 
  1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.Sentence with "了" (at the end) to indicate changed circumstances

  3. a.A "" at the end of a sentence often indicate changed circumstances.  This usage frequently occurs in sentences with adjectival predicates, or sentences with "" or "" as the verb.  Examples: 

  4. 马大为会说汉语(Ma Dawei can speak Chinese (now) - he could not speak Chinese before)

  5. 小云的舅舅现在经理(Xiaoyun's uncle is a manager now - he was not till recently)

  6. 小云的舅舅现在汽车(Xiaoyun's uncle now owns a car - he did not own it till now)

  7. b.Here are some examples of the sentences with verbal predicates:

  8. 小云的舅妈也开始电脑(Xiaoyun's aunt also starts using computer - she did not use it till now)

  9. 马大为大学三年级 (Ma Dawei is in his third year of college)

  10. c.Examples of the negative form:

  11. 小云的舅舅认识我(Xiaoyun's uncle does not recognize me - he used to know me)

  12. 小云的舅妈这次能来(Xiaoyun's aunt is not able to come over this time - she planned to visit but ...)

  13. 2.Progressive tense

  14. a.Progressive tense describes an ongoing action at the the same time the statement is written.  In Chinese, either "" or "正在" may be placed before the verb.  In addition, the nonlexical "" is often placed at the end of the sentence:

  15. 马大为读《红楼梦》呢 (Ma Dawei is reading Dream of Red Chamber)

  16. 昨天我给丁力波打电话的时候,他正在写汉字 (呢)  (When I called Ding Libo yesterday, he was writing Chinese characters)

  17. b.Note: the negative form uses "没有":

  18. 马大为没有在读《红楼梦》(Ma Dawei is not reading Dream of Red Chamber)

  19. 昨天我给丁力波打电话的时候,他没有在写汉字,他打球 (When I called Ding Libo yesterday, he was not writing Chinese characters, and he was playing the ball)

  20. 3."不但 ... 而且" ("Not only ... but also")

  21. a.In the construction "不但 ... 而且", if the two clauses share the same subject, "不但" is usually placed after the subject.  Otherwise, "不但" and "而且" are normally placed before their respective subjects.  Note: sometimes, "" or "" is also used together with "而且".  Examples:

  22. 林娜不但会唱京剧,而且会演京剧。Or   林娜不但会唱京剧,而且还会演京剧(Lin Na can not only sing but also act Beijing Opera). [same subject]

  23. 不但林娜会唱京剧,而且马大为会唱京剧 (Not only Lin Na can sing Beijing Opera, but Ma Daiwei can also sing Beijing Opera).  [different subjects]


(一)

CB丁立波:小云,火车快到了吧

王小云:从上海到北京的T23次八点四十分到,现在八点半,快到了

丁立波:你舅舅是农民吗?

王小云:是。他过去是上海郊区的农民,现在当蔬菜公司的经理

丁立波:他来过北京吗?

SB王小云:他来过两次,可是我都不在。上次他来的时候,我正在南方旅行

丁立波:看,那个人正在问路。我们过去看看,那是不是你舅舅。

王小云:好像是吧。我十年以前见过他,这十年变化很大。不但他不认识我而且我也可能不认识他

AF丁立波:可不。那时候你还是个小孩,现在是大姑娘

王小云:是啊,我舅舅也老。那个人在看地图吗?

丁立波:他没在看地图,他好像在看照片。他向我们走过来

王小云:他很像我舅舅。不错,是我舅舅。舅舅,您好!

JJ舅舅:小云!十年不见,你是大学生。你今年上几年级

王小云:上大学三年级

舅舅:有男朋友了吗?

王小云:舅舅,这是我同学丁立波。他是加拿大留学生。

丁立波:您好,路上辛苦了快要下雨,请上车吧。


(二)

VP王小云:舅妈呢?怎么没有来?她说过要跟您一起来北京。

舅舅:你舅妈在种温室蔬菜呢。她现在很忙,这次不来了。

王小云:现在你们种蔬菜的收入怎么样?

AP舅舅:我们种温室蔬菜,收入比以前好多了

王小云:家里的生活怎么样?

舅舅:生活还可以。前年我们盖了一座两层的小楼,去年还买了一辆汽车。现在我们去别的城市也方便

BS丁立波:您的生活水平比城里人的高。

舅舅:我们村吃的穿的住的都不比城里差。问题是我们农民的文化水平还比城里人的低一些。

王小云:现在农民没有文化真不行。

AM舅舅:你说得很对,农民也都要学习新技术。温室蔬菜用电脑管理。你舅妈也开始用电脑

王小云:今年我一定要去看看你们。

Lesson 24: 你舅妈也开始用电脑了