1. I.Grammar

  2. 1.Sentences with a subject-predicate phrase as the predicate (2)

  3. a.In a sentence with a subject-predicate phrase as the predicate, the subject of the whole sentence (Subject 1) is the receiver of the action denoted by the predicate (Predicate 2):

  4. 老师讲的课 (Subject 1) 我 (Subject 2) 听不懂 (Predicate 2).  Note: “我听不懂”functions as Predicate 1. 

  5. Compare: “老师讲的课我听不懂” and “我听不懂老师讲的课” - it works either way.

  6. But if Predicate 1 involves , one cannot reverse the structure.  Example: 这儿的风俗习惯他了解很多。You cannot say, “他了解很多这儿的风俗习惯”.

  7. 2.Interrogative pronouns of indefinite denotation

  8. a.Interrogative pronouns can be used to denote as person/thing/location/time/manner that is unknown or uncertain to the speaker:

  9. 你应该吃点什么 (You should eat something)

  10. 我不记得放在哪儿了。(I don’t remember where I put)

  11. 我不知道怎么扭了一下胳膊。(I don’t know how I twisted my arm)

  12. 3.“着” and “住” as the resultative complements:

  13. a.The construction “V+着” is used to indicate that the goal or certain result of an action has been achieved:

  14. 刚才我睡着了。(I slept a short while ago). Note the negation structure cannot use “了”.  Example: 晕船的药我没找着(I didn’t find the seasick medicine).  See Pattern Drills on p. 130 (3).

  15. b.“V+住” is used to indicate that the position of a person or thing has been stabilized:

  16. 停住了。(The boat stopped)

  17. 小偷被抓住了。(The thief has been caught).  See Pattern Drills on p. 130 (4)

  18. 4.The subjectless sentence

  19. a.The non-subject sentences usually consist of a verb-object phrase and generally describe natural phenomena.  Example: 下雨了 (It’s raining).  下雪了 (It’s snowing).

  20. 5.The construction “连…也/都…”

  21. a.This structure is used for emphasis, indicating a comparison: “even X is this way, let alone the others.”

  22. 这儿空气有辣味儿。(Even the air here also has the smell of spice)

  23. 他累得晚饭不想吃了。(He is so tired that he doesn’t even want to take the dinner)

  24. II.Idioms

  25. a.再说 (besides, what's more ...).  The conjunction “再说” connects clauses and indicates that additional remarks will be made.  Example: 丁力波明天不去长城,他已经去过了。再说,他明天还有别的事儿。(Ding Libo won’t go to the Great Wall tomorrow, as he has already been there, besides that he has other commitment tomorrow)

  26. b. (really).  The adverb “可” is placed before a verb/adjective to express the meaning of “truly, really, actually, indeed.”  Example: 快考试了,不能再看电视了。(The exam is coming, we really shouldn't watch TV anymore)

  27. c. (but).  The adverb “又” expresses a transition between two mutually contradictory situations (sometimes the conjunction “可是/但是” is placed before it).  Example: 她很怕冷,不愿意多穿衣服。(She is afraid of cold, but she is not willing to wear more clothes)

  28. d.别提了 (Don’t mention it).  It means “don’t mention that matter again.”  If often refers to an unpleasant event or situation.  Example: 别提了,昨天的考试我考得很糟糕。(Don’t mention it, yesterday’s test I did terribly)

  29. e.你又来了 (here you come again).  It is usually used to point out someone’s repetition of inappropriate words or actions.



小燕子:大为,吃饭了。

马大为:我站起来就头晕,不想吃。再说,船上的菜个个都辣,我可吃不下去。

小燕子:前几天,四川菜你吃得很高兴啊!而且,你还讲过一个故事:有三个人比赛吃辣的,一个是四川人,他说不怕辣,一个是湖北人,他说辣不怕,一个是湖南人,他说怕不辣。你说你是怕不辣的,今天怎么又说四川菜太辣?是不是晕船啊?

马大为:不知道。

小燕子:喝点儿可乐吧。

马大为:这可乐的味儿也不对了。好像也有辣味儿了,跟我在美国喝的不一样。

小燕子:可乐哪儿来的辣味儿?

马大为:我不想喝。这儿连空气都有辣味儿,我觉得全身不舒服。

小燕子:晕船的药你吃了没有?

马大为:晕船的药我带来了,可是没找着。我不记得放在哪儿了。

小燕子:没关系,我到医务室去,给你要点儿。

马大为:谢谢。

………

小燕子:晕船药要来了。你把它吃下去,一会儿就好了。

马大为:刚才我睡着了。船开到哪儿了?好像停住了。外边安静得听不到一点儿声音。我想出去看看。

小燕子:你可别出去。刮风了,外边有点儿凉。你应该吃点儿什么。

马大为:我头晕好点儿了。不过,还不想吃东西,就想睡觉。

小燕子:那你就再在睡一会儿吧。快到三峡的时候,我一定叫你。


(二)

小燕子:快起来,我们去看日出。

马大为:你先去吧,我把咖啡喝了就去。

小燕子:你今天好点儿了吧?昨天还没有到神女峰呢,就被神女迷住了,晕得连可乐也不想喝了。

马大为:别提了,昨天我是晕了。既有美丽的神女,又有从早到晚为我忙的小燕子,你们把我迷住了。

小燕子:你又来了。

马大为:三峡实在是太美了!李白的一首诗我记住了两句:“两岸猿声啼不住,轻舟已过万重山。”

小燕子:我看应该说“大为头晕止不住,游船已过万重山。”

马大为:小燕子,你又开玩笑了。我们一起来欣赏三峡景色吧。

小燕子:山峡有很多传说,最感人的是神女峰的传说。

马大为:你说说。

小燕子:神女峰是三峡最有名、最美的山峰。很久很久以前,西王母让她美丽的女儿来三峡,为来往的大船小船指路。她日日夜夜地站在那儿,后来就成了神女峰。

马大为:三峡的景色真像是一幅中国山水画。坐船游三峡,真是“穿在水中走,人在画中游”。

小燕子:过几年你再来游览三峡,还会看到新的景色,那就是世界第一大坝——三峡大坝。

Lesson 34: 神女峰的传说