book Human biological sphere:

three categories of interaction persist beneath the productive and commercial character of our relations with each other.


social existence - people living together in groups.


Cairo street bazaar, 1989 JS.


reproduction - human fertility, gender relations and the



family as a means to raise dependent children


production - there are at least four categories involved to cluster the many diverse means that people have to survive:

  • subsistence - able to just survive.
  • agrarian - surplus & capital based on farms.
  • industrial - wealth made from mechanical tools
  • post-industrial - profit from speculation

    market - a broad and vague term used to describe the ability to and the means created for exchanges of goods and services throughout societies and among competing sectors, abor - work, or exertion of any kind, giving birth.


    career - one's work history over many years or a lifetime.


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