Culture must be understood and examined.

Culture must be understood as encompassing the divergent ways of knowing and the value systems encoded in the language patterns of different cultural (social) groups…. One of the primary reasons I retain the word culture is that it provides a basis for challenging the modern myth of the autonomous individual.”

Which “is essential to challenging the proclivity of modern elites to universalize their categories of thinking [taxonomy]—including their prescriptions for reform.”

C. A. Bowers, Educating for Eco-Justice and Community, (2001). p. ix.

“Why educators writing on social justice have ignored grassroots efforts to reverse the environmental damage experienced by poor and marginalized communities is a question that deserves serious consideration.”

C. A. Bowers, op cit. p. 15.

‘The liberal ideal of the corporate state’ bias:

“one possible explanation for this oversight on the part of educational theorists is their tendency to frame social justice in terms of the ideals of individual emancipation and economic advancement—which are among the liberal ideas and values they share with the corporate world.”  

These theorists “often do not recognize what they share in common.”

“educational theorists seem unable to base their thinking on radically [radisrooted– from rootat the source thinking] different assumptions.”


For example, we don't think accurately.

Dewey on education