Lynn Margulis and the need to surpass our "trained incapacities."
It is of very great value, and one that extends beyond the sciences, I believe that to solve any problem that has never been solved before, you have to leave the door to the unknown ajar. You have to permit the possibility that you do not have it exactly right.
Richard Feynman, Meaning... pp. 26-27.
So what I call scientific knowledge today is a body of statements of varying degrees of certainty .none is absolutely certain.
Richard Feynman, Meaning... p. 27.
more on variability and uncertainty.
Ancient dialectical differences:
Herakleitos – a process (versus independent things) of apprehending the logos of the world in which we are suspended a condition of ceaseless motion.
Parmenides – things are only apprehended by our minds, there is no "world" of which we are part without our thoughts, so that sense experience is illusory; insisting instead that 'What is, . . . is!' a constant and unchanging stuff of existence.
• Nature –
The Rio Grande River in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
GNOSIS or GNOSIS , means to KNOWING
|rational, to reason dialectically||sensible, to make sense of|
|forgotten at birth we recall wisdom as we mature, learn, and debate theories.||sensory we acquire the wisdom from knowing the world|
|True reality is the ideal of which we as are all material things mere reflections --hence the apparent reality is false-- of the forms in heaven.||Actual reality is what we sense and analyze here in the material world of existence and rationally describe by placing into categories based on discernibly different or similar properties.|
|The eternal heavens are the repository of the forms that we understand through geometrically rigorous proof, a form of reasoning.||The material world is a synthesis of opposing forces that come together to form the four eternal elements of earth, air, fire and water, and these four comprise all things in differing amounts of each element.|
Allegory of the Cave, from the Republic
Nichomachean Ethics, Physics, and Metaphysics.
Space as a:
Sacred and Profane
“desacralization” versus commonality of religious expressions of unifying faith
Brecht the disorder in nature is created by
The Machine in the Garden
“ stands for the restoration of the lost Harmony ”
Marx, p. 21.
"ill defined feeling"
Simple versus the Complex pastoral
Simple versus the Complex pastoral
• Science (1860s) GNOSIS metaphor accurate rhetoric
as A. what & how vs. B. coherent means
"imago mundi" and the "axis mundi "
two see two opposing sides
are the correct criteria for testing the interpretations we bring to science?
What are the correct criteria for testing the interpretations we bring to science?
Brecht reason and empiricism
Still & flat revolves & sphere
Feynman doubt versus superstition
Marx sentimental versus imaginative
Disturbance vs. ignorance (27)
Garden / agrarian – mechanical / menacing
• trinity of methods.
Dubos to see and describe (diagnosis) vs empirically test (Koch)
God visits disease to punish – devil is the disease incarnate
Margulis – microbes are germs so you don’t have evolution you have disease.
Mayr deductive dead ends – inductive opening to redefine anomalies
Method is rational, empirical, and heuristic (finding what is not obvious but may nonetheless be there to inform our descriptions) as in Bainbridge – genotype informs the observable phenotype.
Kaku, pp. 3-12, 195-197
Cosmos & Life: Dubos, Marx, Mayr, Bainbridge and Margulis
Life is more complex than we:
A. Imagine, than we think
B. explain rationally & empirically than.–
C. heuristically -- we can think –
After all, we live on a symbiotic world within a machinery made by unseen, unappreciated, disrespected and unexpected functionaries.
Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden (1964) Oxford University Press, page 47
"Ortega uses the term to describe the outlook of a new kind of person, a Naturmensch rising up in the midst of the civilized world":
The world is a civilized one, its inhabitant s not: he does not see civilization of the world around him, but he uses it as if it were a natural;"
Want his motor car and believes that it is the spontaneous fruit of the edenic tree."
"They demonstrate that the public discourse, at least, this ideal has appeared with increasing frequency in the service of reactionary or false ideology, thereby helping to mask the real problems of industrial civilization."
Leo Marx page 27”
The Celestial Railroad: A wonderfully compact satire
"An illusory voyage of salvation whose darkest meanings are reserved for readers of Banyan. Like the hero in the Pilgrim’s Progress, the American pilgrim thinks he is on the way to the heavenly city. As it turns out, however, the same road can lead to hell, the partly concealed point being that the American protagonist is not a Christian at all; he has much more in common with the other traveler in Bunyan's Calvinist allegory, Ignorance."
"two conditions of consciousness."
Leo Marx, page 46-47.
“this sense of discovery”
"it is a comic version of the effort to reconcile conflicting attitudes toward the New World. . . . . the actuality of the landscape, hence the close juxtaposition of fact and fancy, is a distinguishing mark of pastoral set in the New World."
"Can it be that the old, old dream suddenly has come true?"
p. 232, fn
"The idea of the countryside as the appropriate site for the conversion experience is common to the Christian tradition and the romantic poets. It is the accepted convention in New England Calvinism.
Thus Jonathan Edwards describes the sweet sense of God's majesty and grace coming upon him as, in his words; 'I walked abroad alone, in a solitary place in my father's pasture, for contemplation'."
Grace "making the 'soul' like the field or garden of God, with all manner of pleasant flowers, . . . and the gently vivifying beams of the sun."
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