Traditional complexity of the process invlovng RNA, DNA, and proteins in gene expression

gene expression

December 1999,

the first human chromosome [#22] was completely sequenced having 33.5 million bps (base pairs of DNA nucleotides)
1 bp = .3 nm (nanometer) long
10 bp = 3 nanometer
35.000 genes in the human genome

June 2000.

initial working genome of the Human species was published
Only 5% of the human genome codes for proteins

Over half of human DNA is repeated or redundant, so called "junk" sequences.

About Genes:


The Green Florescent Protein (GFP) is coded for by a single gene in Jellyfish (Aequorea victoria) that cause the creature to glow.


About 1000 genes account for the Olfactory sense in mammals and humans have only 60% of these sequences activated.

We have too few genes as humans.

What are genes?

Keller, The Century of the Gene

Richard Lewontin on genetics




Genome, unseen aspects by Wyatt Gibbs

Human Genome

James Watson, The Double Helix


DNA, James Watson

The Human Genome, editor of Nature

Genome, Matt Ridley

The Century of the Gene, E. Fox Keller

The Triple Helix, Richard Lewontin

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