everyone has a picture, map
or model of the world in her
mind––that accounts for the forms and functions of the events we are aware
of around us––each of us is often wrong.
Germans | Darwin | guide to meaning | contrast | personal change of mind | New Physics | an idiom
of Weltanschauung, or world view,
is an attempt to convey in one word the idea that we are deficient in
how we understand the world, because our views or picture of reality,
must always be readjusted to fit new situations we encounter.
view meanings of
more detailed look at worldview as a concept: worldviews.html
Lessons about world views: worldview7.html
example of getting it wrong: worldviews.html#Meaning
analysis of almost any scientific problem leads automatically to a study
of its history. The many unresolved issues in evolutionary biology are
no exception to this rule. To understand the history of a scientific problem,
must appreciate not only the state of factual knowledge but also the Zeitgeist
of the time. Any investigator's interpretation of his observations
or experiments depends mainly on this conceptual framework. For many years
a major objective of my historical studies has been to discover the concepts
--or sometimes, even more broadly, the ideologies-- on which the theorizing
of certain historical figures are based."
Mayr, p. vii, One Long Argument,
an important sense this concept of Zeitgeist is a contributing
factor to why mistakes are made in understanding the natural world. The
prevailing Zeitgeist or "spirit
of the times" has such a powerful influence that it distorts or adversely
influences the dominant scientific interpretation of observations or experimental
"But a more important influence on his changing beliefs than his intellectual environment [Zeitgeist] was Darwin's own scientific findings."
"Darwin's observations were also in conflict with the natural theologians' belief in a perfect world."
Darwinism as a New Worldview.
"Was this really Darwin's worldview?"
"The consequences of scientific Darwinism [enormous variation, common descent, gradualism, denial of fixity of species, and humans are animals] made the acceptance of the social theory of Darwinism quite untenable."
"...any modern person who has a worldview–is in the last analysis a Darwinian."
"Nevertheless, to define Darwinism as the worldview supposedly held by Darwin in the 1860s would be about the most as useless definition I can imagine."
"...two meanings (of Darwinism) have the widest acceptance."
1) "Change under the influence of natural selection," &
2) "variational instead of transformational evolution."
"…the only two meaningful concepts."
relation to Mayrs view of the Darwinian
Revolution: Mayr on evolution
is the word "world view" used in this selection below?
Turning Point, Fritjof Capra, (NYC: Simon
and Schuster, 1982)
Mechanistic View of Life
While the new physics was developing in the twentieth century,
the mechanistic Cartesian world
view and the principles of Newtonian physics maintained their
strong influence on Western scientific thinking, and even today many
scientists still hold to a mechanistic paradigm, although physicists
themselves have gone beyond it.
However the new conception of the universe that has emerged from
modern physics does not mean
that Newtonian physics is wrong, or that quantum theory, or relativity
theory is right. Modern science has come to realize that all scientific
theories are approximations to the true nature of reality;
The question, then will be: How good an approximation is the Newtonian
model as a basis for the various sciences, and where are the limits of
the Cartesian world view in those fields?
(Shown above is a post Newtonian, or an Einstein
influenced view of the Earth's orbit about the sun; as the sun is
a massive star that warps, spacetime.)
really five dimensions?
then is the German
idiom that represents any person's or society's conceptualization
of existence. The definition's crucial value lies in the belief that
what we think we know is always comparable to and even
contrasts with what actually exists. The concept takes into
account this variance between what people believed to be and the demonstrated
reality. Thus world view is a useful intellectual construct to understand
what one age believes about the world.
of what our ancestors believed about the world include the ideas associated
with Aristotle's dialectical
materialism that engenders the four elements. This ancient rationale
is opposed to the way the world really behaves based on compounds, elements
and ninety-two naturally occurring elements. World view implies we must
doubt what we are told, before we can really
learn how to describe the world
as it exists.