challenges of technology and necessity of human dignity.
has the ability to catalyze changes, or to speed-up and bring about impacts
at an ever increasing rate of speed, to which human's -- or so McHarg
and Van der Ryn argue -- are more or less unreliable
in their responses to technological affects.
Consider the affects of automotive
transportation, supertankers, electricity, or even fire on human behavior.
Compare that to the impacts of these techniques on natural conditions.
River watershed, "large ecosystems:" multi-jurisdictional, international.
Lee's organizational schema, his approach to the basin's ecological problems.
1. learning from
2. correcting errors
3. understanding and applying adaptive management
4. participating in bounded conflict
5. devising action plans and assessing the expected outcomes.
There are numerous
dams on the Columbia and Snake Rivers regulating the flow of water and
blocking the migration of wild salmon, once a common upstream fishery
in Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.
What does it mean
to be adaptive biologically and ecologically?
assessing ways to solve ecological problems:
cold clear water in rock bedded streams flowing across numerous acres
of forested land for sufficient eggs to grow into fry and from fry into
fingerlings or else they will go extinct in their range. They stay close
to home streams as young and live in and along the river and tidal estuary
habitat as they mature. Salmon spend their adult lives at sea returning
to home rivers to spawn from spring to late summer and early fall.