"tax relief" trumps conservation; family values trumps all competing concepts.
Metaphors are also a means to frame an argument, or a position on a matter of importance.
"This is a frame, it is made up of ideas like affliction and hero.The language that evokes the frame... "
"The Conservatives had set a trap. The words draw you into their worldview."
That is what framing is all about. Framing is about getting language that fits your worldview. It is not just language. The ideas are primary--and the language carries those ideas, evokes those ideas."
The Supreme Court
is hostile to an environmentalist "agenda."
Bush Administration "we do not ned a permission slip to defend America."
"Those are the kinds of questions you need to ask if you are to understand contemporary political discourse."
Governmentally speaking, policies emerge from this three sided process diagrammed as the iron triangle.
or cozy triangular relations of business and government agencies
because of Congressional access lobbyists have in the legislative
Governmentally speaking, any person speaking on behalf of voters.
Interest groups or NGO's or nongovernmental organizations:
National Wildlife Federation,
Friends of the Earth, FOE,
Natural Resources Defense Council, NRDC,
World Wildlife Fund,
Union of Concerned Scientists, UCS,
National Urban League
What Is A Self-Advocate?
A Self-Advocate is someone who is able to speak up on her or his own behalf in areas that could affect them, their health, or their conditions. Teens can use self-advocacy skills with employers, teachers, doctors, nurses, friends, partners, that is, with anyone with whom they have a relationship.
Being an effective Self-Advocates the first step to successful advocacy.
What Is An Advocate?
Quite literally one who speaks to a matter [by implication] for those who cannot (ad to, or toward, voca, voc, speak, vocalize, LATIN.) So, a person who uses words to speak in favor of their particular interest and against others who would harm those interests.
"The land, water,
air and living things of the United States are a heritage of the whole
nation. They need to be protected for the benefit of all Americans, both
now and in the future. The continued strength and welfare of our nation
depend on the quantity and quality of our resources and on the quality
of the environment in which our people live."
Environmental Pollution Panel of the Presidents Science Advisory Committee.
The best defense against
tyranny is an educated public, Thomas Jefferson once argued. A more literate
and better-educated national citizenry exists than at any time in our
past, yet a palpable loss of liberty is apparent. Once extensive and sufficient
wildlife refuges, national forests and parks of the public domain were
adequate to meet our needs. But that protection is eroding now. These
public lands legal protection has been compromised by water contamination
and air pollution.
In recent years Congress
(since 1994) has paid more attention to industry lobbyists in resisting
efforts to bring the existing corpus of environmental protection legislation
up to date with current scientific findings. Since the 1970s the atmosphere's
loss of ozone, sharper rise in carbon dioxide content, and saturation
with POPS or persistent organic pollutants threatens 100 years of accumulated
wisdom about how to conserve our resources while protecting land, air,
and water as the population grows.
The late President
Kennedy, who called a White House Conference on Conservation, in 1962,
warned that the protection of the common estate from those who would despoil
it is a never-ending struggle. In those terms modern democracy really
requires more than an educated public, it demands a vigilant vanguard
or well-informed and motivated people to inform Congress and the public
about recent and ongoing scientific discoveries that can be used protect
the public domain and the common property resources that we all depend
High energy society
The Pew Oceans
Commission reported last year the loss of marine fisheries to exhaustion
and coastal pollution -- largely from and due to fossil fuels for energy. A series of distress signals now show that the assimilative
capacity of once inexhaustible resources is exceeded and approaching exhaustion.
The oceans, called a global commons, are at risk. World climate, altered
by air pollution, has changed. Can further unraveling of the ecological
services we depend upon be far behind? The matter is not so much will
the ecological life support system fail, but how and when the losses will
adversely affect human populations?
The problems we face today surpass the structural safeguards created in the 19th century to conserve natural resources for a growing population.
"Don't Sink the World: Stop Climate Change" reads a sign of protesters in Bonn, Germany.
coalition of Republicans and Democrats that emerged in 1900 and grew in
power during the 1930s and 50s achieved major changes in national conservation
policy making it the basis of environmental protection in the late 1960s
bipartisan coalition began to unravel in the 1980s and by the 1990s was
on the defensive. The ideals of conservation today in protecting land,
air and water resources are no longer shared by large segments of the
population or Congress.
a new image and a new vision emerge, the nation's natural heritage will
be sacrificed by a further loss of wildlife, due to fragmentation of essential
wild areas, persistent air and water pollution, and loss of sufficient
outdoor recreational lands.
Browner has suggested vision and reform based on science were long overdue
five years ago. The pressing demands have only grown and the window of
opportunity in addressing these matters is closing more rapidly the longer
we wait. Like compound interest on debt, the longer we wait to reduce
pollution, the harder it will be and the costlier it will become to reduce
ever growing perils to air and water sources. Common sense solutions exist
now and can be employed with no regrets.
is not an option due to the enormity of the problem caused by rising per
capita pollution and the difficulty, due to resistance, in reducing nitrogen,
carbon dioxide and mercury wastes from pervasive and persistent fossil