|...Storm Over the Amazon|
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The greatest powers of the physical environment slam into the resilient forces of life, and nothing much happens. For a very long time, 150 million years, the species within the rain forest evolved to absorb precisely this form and magnitude of violence."
"They encoded the predictable occurrence of natures storms in the letters of their genes. Animals and plants have come to use heavy rains and floods routinely to time episodes in their life cycle.
157 ¶ 24
But diversity, the property that makes resilience possible, is vulnerable
to blows that are greater than natural perturbations. It can be eroded away
fragment by fragment, and irreversibly so if the abnormal stress is unrelieved.
Eliminate a great many species and the local ecosystem starts to decay visibly....an eroding ecosystem
160, ¶ 35-36.
160, ¶ 38.
Creatures are adapted to the conditions of the place in which they are born, grow, mature and die by means of genetic variability, instinct, learned behavior, and fortune and may depend on one another.
The areas of the world where the diversity of life is most under threat from habitat loss, fragmentation of wildlife ranges and watershed, air pollution, population growth and deforestation are shown below on the world map in red, amber, and yellow.