A problem may be defined as a perceived difference between an existing and a desired state of affairs.
Because we perceive three dimensions, we must think in an expanded and "volumetric" manner.
The physical and biological conditions create social challenges.
This kind of ecological problem solving always starts with the ecological imagination and sees these three inter-related and codependent components as the physical, biological, and social facets of the same problem.
The social problems of forest decline, for example are more difficult to solve than the biology of the forest, although reforestation is not a simple science. They are also more complicated than the physical constraints of climate, soil, pH, limiting factors, or moisture loss.
"To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction."
Biological components are dependent on biophysical conditions:
Writing about problems should take this format: outline the physical situation, the biological components and the social consequences of the issues as you define an ecological problem; for example the deteriorating situation of the Indian River Lagoon.
So problem solving, involves knowing how to describe these three components that contribute to the conditions and use evidence to pursue more than one remedy.
Ecological problems thus, have several remedies possible, even simultaneously because:
The world is more complex than we can think, warned J.B.S. Haldane and Rachel Carson
Climate, geology & chemistry make for a complicated mixture with which ecological problem solvers must face.
Adaptive management is the most recent in a series of methods that describes how to think about, plan for and evaluate the actions or measures we take to protect the ecological services that sustain our communities.