There is an inherent complexity in any tool.
These features create one new level of complexity in technical combinations of tools:
Any related use of tools put together to perform a task is a tool complex base on the above features.
rice, timber, wheat, milling of grain, armaments, defense works.
Modifications of technique & fresh inventions: water control devices.
A lush garden in a dry land in the citadel of The Alhambra, in southern Spain.
Many new water control devices assured survival and a spread of agriculture, commerce, and milling of timber and grain, but inventions to make the hydraulic systems work contributed to an advance of fine technology.
In many cases the changes of tools within the complex leads to further techniques and changes in a culture, its members' behavior, its language, food preferences, land use and institutions. These tool complex shifts also change social organization that creates new experiences, ideas and a whole new vocabulary.
Second form of complexity arises from what the tool complex produces as that changes the community of workers and users or beneficiaries of the tool complex such as the Olive based cultures of the Mediterranean, or the Rice cultures of southern Asia, or the gardens of the Islamic cultures.
fountain in the Islamic citadel of The Alhambra, in Spain.
immortality and money -- often considered as very different were linked.
"A number of significant innovations in business methods, developed in medieval Italy -- commercial credit, double entry bookkeeping, marine insurance, -- were by the beginning of the 16th century united in a powerful combination that bankers could use to forge enterprises on a scale previously unheard of."
This page was created, by J. Siry.